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Children, Youth and Media

ECREA Temporary Working Group

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Call for Papers

Young people of today are born in a digital environment and are used to observing their parents interacting with digital devices from their earliest days. In a mediatized society all fields of society are increasingly shaped by media and particularly digital media have gained ever more importance with regards to the socialisation of children and adolescents: On the one hand they see other family members using and interacting with digital media and on the other hand they start to use them at a more and more early stage of life. Burke and Marsh (2014; Marsh et al. 2016) stress that this does not only lead to diverse activities and online practices but also that in these experiences the online domain cannot be separated from the offline domain anymore – both are seamlessly merging in children’s play and interaction. As Livingstone Lunt (2014) point out mediatization means that not only the media are changing, but also their effects on institutions and practices across society. Amongst other societal and cultural changes the mediatization of childhood and adolescence challenges concepts of trust, control and privacy as well as their interrelation. Much of this discourse advocates for children and young people’s privacy, at the same time the control parents are seeking might jeopardise their privacy as well. Behind all these processes and meaning-making, on both individual and collective levels, can however be found a more fundamental question of “trust”.

Therefore this pre-conference looks at trust, how it is constructed, negotiated and practised in context of children and young people’s public and private media and digital lives. We want to discuss the various concepts of trust, control and privacy with regards to children, adolescents and their families. Besides we are interested to relate this to questions of media literacy and its significance in a mediatized society.

The pre-conference is focused on the following topics but is not limited to:

The pre-conference addresses all members of the ECREA TWG Children, Youth and Media, the ECREA Section Mediatization, and the ICA Division Children Adolescents and Media as well as all scholars interested in the concept of trust, control, and privacy in relation to children, adolescents, and media research. Various empirical, methodological and theoretical contributions that pertain to different academic disciplines and methodologies which are in some way related to the concept of trust and privacy are welcome.

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Cannabis Indica L.is generally agreed to have originated either on the Asian subcontinent, or possibly in Afghanistan.

French naturalist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, the first European botanist to classify this type in 1785, received his samples from India and dubbed the plantCannabis Indicain recognition of that fact.

General physical appearance of Indica Strains

The typical example ofCannabis Indicais a more compact, thick-stemmed bush than its cousins, usually reaching a height of less than two metres. The foliage is generally a dark shade of green, some examples appearing to have almost blue or green-black leaves. These leaves are composed of short, wide blades.

Indica strains tend to produce more side-branches and denser overall growth than, resulting in wider, bushier plants. Indica flowers form in thick clusters around the nodes of the female plant (the points at which pairs of leaves grow from the stem and branches). They usually weigh more than Sativa flowers of similar size, as they are more solid.

Growth and flowering cycle of Cannabis Indica

The life cycle ofCannabis Indica, like the rest of the Cannabis genus,is divided into two distinct phases - vegetation and flowering – which are reactions to different day-lengths (photoperiods). Vegetation is also sometimes referred to simply as the growth, or growing, period, although the plant continues to grow in size and mass throughout the flowering period as well.

Vegetation occurs when the plant experiences long days and short nights, known as the long photoperiod. When growing,Cannabis Indicadevotes its energy to increasing in size and stature. As days become shorter and nights longer (the short photoperiod), the plant receives the signal that autumn is approaching and its flowering phase is triggered.

In the flowering phase, upward and outward growth slows considerably and may appear to cease completely asCannabis Indicadirects the bulk of its energy to growing reproductive parts - male flowers which distribute pollen, or female flowers which produce the majority of cannabinoids and are meant to receive pollen and produce seeds. If male plants are eliminated early in the flowering phase, female plants are prevented from making seeds and their cannabinoid-rich flowers (also referred to as buds, tops or colas) may be harvested for recreational and medicinal use.

Common effects and properties of Indica Strains

Most Indicas are a rich source of the cannabinoids THC, CBD and CBN. WhileCannabis Sativaoften produces a higher proportion of THC compared to its other cannabinoids,Cannabis Indicaoften contains significant levels of all three. Indicas tend to produce more body-centred effects than Sativas - enhancement of physical sensations, relaxation, dry mouth, red eyes. These effects are often grouped together under the term 'stoned', as opposed to the 'high' imparted by Sativas. This is not to say that Indicas have no psychoactive effect, just that they are more renowned for their noticeable effects on the body.

Cannabis Indicastrains are cultivated almost exclusively for their medicinal and psychoactive properties, and may be the most commonly used Alantyer Timeless Olive Leaf Pendant Necklace for Women with Teardrop Crystal Gift Packed 455CM Extender 9NRrMk
strains.Cannabis Indica's firm stem and thin bark make it unsuitable for fibre production.


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